New research from North Carolina State University, Brigham Young University and the University of California, Irvine finds that parental involvement is a more significant factor in a childâ€™s academic performance than the qualities of the school itself.
â€śOur study shows that parents need to be aware of how important they are, and invest time in their children â€“ checking homework, attending school events and letting kids know school is important,â€ť says Dr. Toby Parcel, a professor of sociology at NC State and co-author of a paper on the work. â€śThatâ€™s where the payoff is.â€ť
The researchers evaluated data from a national representative study that collected information from more than 10,000 students, as well as their parents, teachers and school administrators.
Specifically, the researchers looked at how â€śfamily social capitalâ€ť and â€śschool social capitalâ€ť pertained to academic achievement. Family social capital can essentially be described as the bonds between parents and children, such as trust, open lines of communication and active engagement in a childâ€™s academic life. School social capital captures a schoolâ€™s ability to serve as a positive environment for learning, including measures such as student involvement in extracurricular activities, teacher morale and the ability of teachers to address the needs of individual students.
The researchers found that students with high levels of family social capital and low levels of school social capital performed better academically than students with high levels of school social capital but low family social capital. â€śIn other words, while both school and family involvement are important, the role of family involvement is stronger when it comes to academic success,â€ť Parcel says.
The paper, â€śDoes Capital at Home Matter More than Capital at School?: Social Capital Effects on Academic Achievement,â€ť is published online in the journal Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. The paper was co-authored by Dr. Mikaela Dufur of BYU and Kelly Troutman, a Ph.D. student at UC Irvine.
Note to Editors: The study abstract follows.
â€śDoes Capital at Home Matter More than Capital at School?: Social Capital Effects on Academic Achievementâ€ť
Authors: Mikaela J. Dufur, Brigham Young University; Toby L. Parcel, North Carolina State University; Kelly P. Troutman, University of California, Irvine
Published: online, Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
Abstract: A relatively neglected problem is how individuals derive social capital from more than one context and the extent to which they benefit from the capital in each. We examine whether social capital created at home and at school has differing effects on child academic achievement. We hypothesize that children derive social capital from both their families and their schools and that capital from each context promotes achievement. Using data from the National Longitudinal Education Study and structural equation modeling, we show that capital from each context is helpful, with social capital in the family more influential than social capital at school. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on child achievement and for studies of inequality generally.
The urban K-12 education system is failing in America.Â Everyone is frustrated and there is finger pointing all over the place.Â Some blame the parents.Â Some blame the teachers.Â Some blame the school systems. Â Some blame the students.Â And so on.
This blog will describe the problem, explain why the current approaches will never work, and outline eight steps that can be taken to really fix urban K-12 education in America.
As most people know, a large percentage of students in urban school districts are not performing near their grade level and end up dropping out before the eleventh grade.Â Large urban school districts struggle to get 50% of their students to graduate from the 12th grade.Â On any given day you can find students fighting, cursing at teachers, shooting dice, having sex, and/or skipping class in almost every school district, especially in high schools.Â Â Too many students go to school for everything except education â€“ they do not study, do not do any homework, and misbehave in class on a regular basis.Â It does not help that parents frequently are unable or unwilling to work with the school to improve their childâ€™s performance.Â In many cases, the only reason that parents come to school is to complain about something or attempt to set the school up for a lawsuit.